Whenever we get an infection, we usually think first of getting an antibiotic, which is described as something that has antibacterial action that works in stopping the growth of bacteria or it kills the bacteria. Nowadays, thanks to the ever-increasing knowledge of the causes of many different types of infectious diseases, our researchers, scientists, pharmacists, and doctors have developed many antibiotics that possess a broader range of antimicrobial elements, which include anti-fungal properties and other compounds that solely battle different types of bacteria.
These days, for those who have already got a bacterial infection in their lives, the first thing that comes to mind is the generic name of Zithromax, “azithromycin”. Azithromycin is actually considered to be one of the world’s best-selling and well-known antibiotics! In case you didn’t know, azithromycin is derived from erythromycin, an antibiotic that is usually prescribed for people who are found to be allergic to penicillins.
Azithromycin tablets are actually very useful, even children who experienced some kind of bacterial infection are aware of its name! Azithromycin tablets are commonly used to prevent or treat specific bacterial infections, such as those that cause:
- Acute otitis media (Middle ear infections)
- Respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia and pertussis
- Strep throat
- Gastrointestinal infections – such as traveler’s diarrhea
A few years ago, azithromycin tablets are so helpful that they are deemed as the first-line of defense for prevention of bacterial infections in infants and children with weaker immune systems. Azithromycin tablets are so effective that it is even used against some sexually transmitted infections (STDs) such as:
- Non-gonococcal urethritis
Azithromycin tablets have also proven to be very effective against malaria when taken in combination with quinine or artesunate; however, the optimal dosage for this is still unknown.
How azithromycin tablets really work inside the body is simply by preventing the bacteria from growing. It interferes or obstructs the bacteria’s protein synthesis, or in simpler words, the bacteria’s ability to create new proteins which it uses for energy in order to survive.
Unlike the antibiotic erythromycin, azithromycin tablets are considered to be acid-stable, which means that it can be taken in by mouth without having to think about getting protection from stomach acids. It is known to be readily absorbed by the body; however, its absorption is found to be much greater when the azithromycin tablet is taken on an empty stomach.
While azithromycin tablets are considered to be very useful and they are the first-line of defense against bacterial infections, it is still considered to be incompatible to other people, whereas other people are advised to actually never use it. Some people are advised to use it with special care. Azithromycin can only be prescribed to you if you are a special case, or he/she may not prescribe it at all if you:
- Have liver disease
- Have an unusually slow heart rate or have had risk factors regarding the heart
- Have metabolic issues
- Have psychiatric issues
- Are sensitive, allergic, or have had a bad reaction to antibiotic macrolides in the past